10 Essential Public Health Services


Assess and monitor population health status, factors that influence health, and community needs and assets

Public Health is responsible for assessing and monitoring population health status, and factors that influence health and vital community conditions. This involves using a variety of methods and technology to collect, monitor, analyze, and report health data to identify threats, patterns, and emerging issues. Public Health and community stakeholders use assessment to deepen their understanding of health, factors that influence health, and community needs and assets to inform decision-making and prioritize health promotion investments, strategies, and interventions.

Equity & Systems

Assessment should be more than just a box to check; it should power equitable systems transformation through: 

  • Robust community engagement at every stage of assessment
  • Use of equity measures and disaggregated data (where appropriate)
  • Grow local data ecosystems to facilitate data sharing and collaboration

Public Health in Action

Public health departments regularly conduct community health assessments and create community health improvement plans, which examine health needs and opportunities for improvement and inform how and where resources should be allocated to meet community needs.


    Ensure robust community engagement in all phases of assessment activities

    Weave qualitative and quantitative data, with story

    Advance a robust, modern, interoperable, and secure public health information system

    Reflection Questions

    • What are two examples of Public Health assessment in action?
    • How can Public Health advance equity as part of assessment activities?
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