Vaccination is one of public health’s most successful tools for preventing and controlling the spread of infectious diseases and, increasingly, cancers and chronic diseases too. Immunization is an effective and cost-efficient strategy that prevents sickness and death in all age groups and saves billions of dollars each year. The COVID-19 epidemic and recent outbreaks of measles and other preventable infectious diseases underscore the importance of vaccines and sustaining high vaccination rates. Work is needed to ensure that people of all ages receive a complete series of the vaccines they need.
- Vaccines are safe and effective: Vaccines are highly regulated, safe, and effective. Clear, consistent and effective messaging is needed to spread this narrative and build confidence in vaccines.
- Vaccination is a public health imperative: Vaccination is our surest strategy to combat COVID-19, as well as influenza, measles, polio, meningitis, and many other deadly, vaccine-preventable diseases. Ensuring people get vaccinated and boosted against COVID-19 continues to be a public health priority. Now is the time to promote vaccination against other maladies as well, like seasonal influenza, shingles, HPV, childhood series and others.
- Increasing vaccine confidence: Misinformation about vaccines is as old as vaccines themselves. Misinformation feeds anti-vaccine sentiments which can erode public confidence and lead to reduced rates of immunization, and thus population-immunity. Increasing vaccine confidence is an antidote to misinformation. Using trusted messengers to deliver information about vaccines, and partnering with trusted community institutions, like places of worship, to encourage vaccination and administer vaccines are effective approaches. Communication strategies, such as communicating vaccine information in positive and personal language, and correcting misinformation in a constructive way, also help to increase vaccine confidence.
Equity & Systems
Vaccination can only reach its full potential when a large majority of the at-risk population is immune. Issues of inequitable access to and distribution of vaccines, and prevailing anti-vaccination sentiments stand in the way of achieving full population-scale protective effects of vaccines. Addressing barriers to vaccination, inequitable distribution of vaccines, and shoring up our public health system to implement vaccine guidelines and communicate them effectively are priorities for public health today.
This article examines vaccine hesitancy, with a focus on COVID-19 vaccines. It discusses concerns and conspiracy theories driving COVID-19 vaccine hesitancy, the need for compassion in vaccine education, levels of trust in individuals and institutions that discover, develop, and deliver vaccines, and more.
This webinar features a panel of public health leaders who address how to build confidence and trust in COVID-19 vaccines and discuss effective communication strategies, including language that works to improve vaccine acceptance.
This policy brief focuses on how historic maltreatment of communities of color and tribal nations, along with current day structural racism, have created distrust of government and healthcare in many communities of color and tribal communities. It provides six key recommendations on policy actions to help build trust in and access to COVID-19 vaccines.
Search for resources in Vaccination
Have More Time to Take Care of What Really Matters, Your Patients: How PNPs Can Get the Most Out of Using Immunization Information Systems
Increasing Appropriate Vaccination: Health Care System-Based Interventions Implemented in Combination
Catch-up Immunization Schedule for Children and Adolescents Who Start Late or Who Are More than 1 Month Behind
Using Disadvantage Indices to Guide State Health Equity Efforts: On-the-Ground Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic
CDC Webinar-Strengthening Vaccine Confidence in Pediatric and Family Practice Offices During the COVID-19 Pandemic
FDA Authorizes Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine for Emergency Use in Children 5 Through 11 Years of Age
When Can Babies and Young Children Get The COVID Vaccine? What To Know About The FDA Timeline and More
COVID-19 Vaccines For Children: How Parents Are Influenced By Misinformation, and How They Can Counter It
Invest in Trust: A Guide for Building COVID-19 Vaccine Trust and Increasing Vaccination Rates Among CNAs
Vaccine Community Assessment: A Tool To Understanding Your Communities COVID-19 Vaccination Decisions And Needs
Policymakers And Health Systems Must Earn Trust Within Communities Of Color And Tribal Nations To Ensure COVID-19 Vaccine Receptivity, Say Health And Public Health Leaders
Prioritizing Equity In COVID-19 Vaccinations: Perspectives From States And Public-Private Partnerships
Socioeconomic Privilege And Political Ideology Are Associated With Racial Disparity In COVID-19 Vaccination.
Disparities in National and State Estimates of COVID-19 Vaccination Receipt and Intent to Vaccinate by Race/Ethnicity, Income, and Age Group Among Adults ≥ 18 Years, United States
The Importance Of Community Engagement On COVID-19 Vaccination Strategy: Lessons From Two California Pilot Programs
Racial Disparities In COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance: Building Trust To Protect Nursing Home Staff And Residents
Families USA Spearheads Strategic Initiative to Galvanize Action on Equity in COVID-19 Vaccine Distribution
States Explore the Use of Disadvantage Indices to Advance Health Equity in COVID-19 Vaccinations and Beyond
Webinar: Using Disadvantage Indices to Advance Health Equity: Lessons Learned from State COVID-19 Response Efforts
Pop-up Clinics Bringing Vaccines to People who Need Them Most: Meeting People Where They are on COVID-19
Social Justice Is Not the COVID-19 Vaccine Alone: It Is Addressing Structural Racism Through Social Policies That Shape Health
Building Trust in and Access to a COVID-19 Vaccine Within Communities of Color and Tribal Nations: A Framework for Action Convening
Disparities in COVID-19 Vaccination Status, Intent, and Perceived Access for Noninstitutionalized Adults, by Disability Status – National Immunization Survey Adult COVID Module, United States, May 30 – June 26, 2021
Ensuring COVID-19 Vaccine Access, Safety, and Utilization: Building Vaccination Confidence in Communities of Color
Building trust in COVID-19 vaccination and other public health interventions is fundamental to the work of public health and efforts to end the COVID-19 pandemic. We can build trust by combating misinformation, supporting trusted messengers and networks, improving our trustworthiness, and deepening relationships that engender trust over time. Building trust between public health and communities facilitates acceptance of public health interventions and can cultivate an equitable COVID-19 response now and conditions for well-being in the future.
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